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Project Manager : Project Manager Dec Jan 2014
MICHAEL YOUNG (CPPD) Michael Young is AIPM's Knowledge Research Council Chair. 38 Project Manager KRC CORNER Defining the project management profession While we commonly focus on the professional project manager, it is critical to realise that project management is practiced by as many as 10 times the number of people who consider themselves project managers first and foremost. ONE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT I GET asked is: ' how big is project management?' While it's tempting to say 'big', 'growing' or ' huge', it's a great question that we don't really have an answer to. ere are many sources of data available, but all of them come with underpinning issues. One of the most reliable sources of industry information is the census, which is undertaken every four years and collects statistical information on the population, including their occupations. is is where the challenge of de ning the project management profession begins. ere is no speci c occupation for 'project manager', but instead the role of project manager is embedded within a particular industry grouping, resulting in three discrete occupations: IT Project Manager, Building Project Manager, and Project and Program Administrator. Another area of variability within the census data relates to how individuals respond on census night. Do people identify themselves as project managers or as consultants, engineers, or some other occupational grouping, which is commonly associated with the individual 's primary industry or rst degree? So while census data may be accurate, we cannot clearly identify the actual number of project managers from this data alone. If we tur n to membership statistics, we get a slightly di erent picture. AIPM membership at July 2013 was approximately 10,500 members. PMI in Australia, as at December 2011, was around 7500 members. What is not known is how many individuals are members of both. Industry certi cation numbers also help. AIPM has 3200 certi ed individuals at CPPP, CPPM, CPPD or CPPE levels. PMI statistics are a little old (last reported in 2007), but have been reported at almost 3000. Around 56,000 PRINCE 2 foundation and practitioner certi cates have also been issued in Australia. Another occupational sector is the public sector, where there has been a strong push for the adoption of project management techniques and practices in the last decade. In the latest State of the Service Report, around 8 per cent or 3300 members of the Australian Public Ser vice are identi ed as undertaking project management roles. e report also identi es 200 individuals undertaking IT project manager roles. e AIPM Knowledge and Research Council has done preliminary research to make sense of this data and estimate the scale and potential impact of the PM sector on the economy. Breakdown of project practitioners' roles Below is an approximate yet coherent picture of the di usion of project practitioners' roles in the Australian workforce. ese groups are outlined on the basis of the strength of the practitioners' professional identity as project managers and on their seniority in the role. is is in line with the ndings of a recent empirical study, which established that association with the project management profession is often characterised by latency, emergence and self-identi cation, with many regarding project management as just one of many career 'themes' alongside other skills and professional identities. Project practitioner professionalisation • 'PROFESSIONAL' PROJECT MANAGERS: this 'core segment' includes those practitioners who ful l senior project management roles and place project management expertise at the centre of their professional identity. ey do so by choosing to obtain for mal project manager certi cation or by joining a project management association. is group is seen as the most 'professionalised ' not just because of their superior technical skills, but also because
Project Manager Oct Nov 2013
Project Manager Feb Mar 2014