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Project Manager : Project Manager Oct Nov 2013
www.aipm.com.au Project Manager 39 KRC CORNER Trend watching The AIPM Knowledge Research Council answers your questions. MICHAEL YOUNG, AIPM KRC CHAIR THE PROJECT MANAGEMENT DISCIPLINE has traditionally focused on techniques to manage time, scope, cost and, more recently, issues such as quality, risk and teamwork (Crawford, Pollack and England, 2006). However, there has been the development of new concepts and applications that are expanding upon the traditional views. As an emerging profession, project management continues to grow, adapt and evolve. Project management faces new challenges as the tools, methods and approaches to management are applied to different domains and for different end uses, in various different cultures (Crawford, Pollack and England, 2006). Numerous studies over the past 10 years have attempted to identify where project management might be headed. Undertaking an e xtensive review of academic papers published since 1960, Kloppenborg and Opfer (2002) obser ved a significant increase in literature on project management issues, with a strong focus on planning and control. e key items identified by Kloppenborg and Opfer in their literature review were a trend towards standardisation of processes and tools, an increasing focus on project selection and prioritisation, and an increasing emphasis on for mal training and certification. In his 2003 study, Archibald identified a number of trends, suggesting that project management will be applied in new areas and disciplines, but also that the linking of strategy and project management will occur throughout project portfolio management practices. Archibald also suggests that project management theory will be expanded to include the realisation of project benefits. In 2006, Crawford, Pollack and England e xamined the trends in project management research by analysing the keywords from academic papers published over the previous 10 years in the International Journal of Project Management and the Project Management Journal, building upon seven previous studies of this type. e trends identified included a reduced focus on quality management and interpersonal skills over time, and an increased focus on project evaluation, project improvement and strategic alignment. ey also identified a consistent significance in the studies of relationship, resource, time, cost and risk management. In a 2006 publication, Bredillet predicted that new and emerging areas of interest would include: • Improving organisational maturity, organisational perfor mance and metrics • Change and the role of project teams as change agents • Te professionalisation of project m a nagement. Bredillet also indicates that "...project management is becoming more focused on the implementation of organisation strategy". While these studies are dated, it is interesting to see what has changed. What is clear is that we are entering the age of PM 2.0, and the future for project management looks bright indeed. ••• FURTHER READING • Archibald, R (2003). 'State of the Art of Project Management: 2003'. Project Management Conference, Escuela Colombiana de Ingeriera. Bogota, Columbia. • Bridellet, C (2006). 'The Future of Project Management: Mapping the Dynamics of Project Management Field in Action'. Cleland, DI and R Gareis (Eds), Global Project Management Handbook: planning, organizing, and controlling international projects (2nd ed). New York: McGraw Hill. • Crawford, L, J Pollack and D England. 'Uncovering the Trends in Project Management: Journal Emphases Over the Last 10 Years'. International Journal of Project Management 24 (2), February 2006: 175-184. • Kloppenborg, T and W Opfer (2002). 'The Current State of Project Management Research: Trends, Interpretations, and Predictions'. Project Management Journal 33 (2), June 2002: 5-18. • Project Management Institute (2008). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (4th ed). Newtown Square: Project Management Institute. WHAT IS CLEAR IS THAT WE ARE ENTERING THE AGE OF PM 2.0, AND THE FUTURE FOR PROJECT MANAGEMENT LOOKS BRIGHT INDEED To ask the Knowledge Research Council a question, contact Michael Young. E: michael.young@ transformed.com.au
Project Manager Aug Sept 2013
Project Manager Dec Jan 2014