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Project Manager : Project Manager Oct Nov 2011
28 Project Manager history The nineties witnessed the broadening of project management perspectives and advances in the certification and registration of project managers. By AlAn Stretton, lFAIPM ProJeCt MAnAgeMent In the 1990s emerging challenges and opportunities of the 1990s prompted organisations to develop flatter, more flexible organisation structures as part of a process of becoming ‘leaner and meaner’. The idea was to be able to respond more rapidly to change. Kerzner said: “The rapid rate of change in both technology and the marketplace has created enormous strains upon existing organisational forms. The traditional structure is highly bureaucratic, and experience has shown that it cannot respond rapidly enough to a changing environment. “Thus, the traditional structure must be replaced by project management, or other temporary management structures that are highly organic and can respond very rapidly as situations develop inside and outside the company.” This rang true for Royal Dutch/Shell, which ran simulations of change events in the late 1980s to test the company’s ability to respond. As a result, the organisation had the experience and readiness to react to the Persian Gulf War in 1991. Gabriel made a similar point at the 1990 INTERNET World Congress, saying we were at “a point of transition or watershed between the concept of Management of Projects, to the idea of Management by Projects”. Indeed, the theme of the 1990 INTERNET Congress was 'Management by Projects', followed up by another international conference in 1993 entitled 'Management by Projects – Implemented'. This reflects an accelerating realisation of the potential benefits of management by projects, or project-based management. rise of technology PC-based planning and control techniques continued to evolve during the 1990s, while the creation of the internet and World Wide Web were to have increasingly important implications for the project management community, particularly in communications and education. Holistic perspectives of projects became more common, and risk management and total quality management (TQM) were developed and employed on projects. 1990’s 1996 aIpm develops its National Competency Standards for project management. 1998 The american National Standards Institute (aNSI) recognises pmbOK as a standard. 1992 formal approval of the australian Institute of project management (aIpm) articles of association. 1994 association for project management launched the second edition of its body of knowledge. 1997 Critical Chain project management (CCpm) is invented. royal Dutch/shell ran simulations of change events in the late 1980s, which helped the organisation respond to the Persian gulf War in 1991.
Project Manager Aug Sep 2011
Project Manager Dec Jan 2012