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Project Manager : Project Manager Aug Sep 2011
www.aipm.com.au Project Manager 29 HISTORY • 1988 The AIPM is founded, as the successor to PMF. 1989 PRINCE project management method is developed by the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) as a UK Government standard for IT project management. increasing emphasis placed on ‘product’ life cycle costing (rather than only project life cycle costing), thus extending the perspective to the back end. Key trends Environment: The National Environmental Act 1970 appeared to reflect public concern about the environment, and this concern increased markedly in the 1980s. This led to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) procedures on projects, which came to be implemented almost universally. Indeed, Morris 1994 said that the EIA came to succeed cost-benefit analysis as the preferred project assessment technique. Professionalisation: In Australia, there had been discussion within the Project Managers Forum (PMF) about going down the professionalisation route. A series of meetings in the late 1980s focused on this topic, leading to a formal decision in 1988 to establish the Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) as the successor to the PMF. ( Major Build Own Operate Transfer (BOOT) projects had a spectacular start in the mid- 1980s with the launch of the Channel Tunnel HIGHLIGHTS 1 Increased emphasis on managing the front end of projects, including clients’ needs determination, feasibility studies, value analysis, risk management, and project start-up generally. 2 A more balanced approach to managing the entire project life cycle and an increased emphasis on ‘product’ (versus project) life cycle costing. 3 Increased importance of Environmental Impact Assessments as a project assessment technique. 4 The beneficial impact of personal computers. 5 An early recognition of the role of projects in the implementation of organisational strategies. 6 An emerging perception of project management as an appropriate methodology for responding to, and initiating, change. 7 An increased recognition of the importance of identifying and managing project stakeholders. 8 The launching of major BOOT projects. 9 The decision to establish the Australian Institute of Project Management (AIPM) as the successor to the Project Managers Forum (PMF). GETTYIMAGES
June July 2011
Project Manager Oct Nov 2011