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Project Manager : Project Manager Aug Sep 2011
28 Project Manager HISTORY Project management attracted many new perspectives on how projects should be managed in the eighties. The decade also witnessed a big push towards professionalisation. BY ALAN STRETTON, AIPM LIFE FELLOW PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE 1980S 1983 Software provider Primavera is founded. While the seventies saw the proliferation of individual applications of project management – and many extensions and refinements of project management tools and techniques – the eighties brought new perspectives on how to manage projects and how projects related to the wider world in which they were undertaken. Significant moves were also made towards the professionalisation of project management. Focusing on the front end In the 1970s, the US Department of Defense added a front-end milestone to its acquisition process. Elsewhere, however, the emphasis generally remained on the execution or implementation phases of projects. But that situation was changing, and in the eighties more emphasis was placed on the ‘front end’ of projects – aspects such as needs determination, feasibility studies, value analysis, risk management, and project startup generally. According to Barnes & Wearne: “The evolution of techniques of project management has moved progressively from concen- tration upon the problems apparent at the tail end towards the front end – from downstream to upstream.” As an extension of the above, there were increasing pressures to look at projects themselves in their broader contexts. One example of this is the ( 1980’s 1982 The first concrete steps to develop a certification program for project managers are taken. 1984 Microsoft Project, a project management software program, was released for DOS in 1984. 1981 Major Projects Association (MPA) is formed in the UK. EMPHASIS WAS PLACED ON THE ‘FRONT END’ OF PROJECTS
June July 2011
Project Manager Oct Nov 2011