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Project Manager : June July 2011
1970’s 1974 A paper by E. A. Edmonds introduced an adaptive software development process. 1971 The US Defense Systems Management School (later College) was established, which was a major step towards professionalising the program/project industry. 1970 The influential US General Services Administration (GSA) published a report endorsing the construction management approach. In relation to expansion of project management application areas, Kerzner said: “Twenty years ago project management was confined to the Department of Defense contractors and construction companies. Today, the concept behind project management has spread to virtually all industries, including defense, construction, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, banking, accounting, advertising, law, state and government agencies, and the United Nations.” The project office There is comparatively little material in the literature about project organisation in the 1970s. The most extensive discussion is by Kerzner who has separate chapters on Organisational Structures and on Organising and Staffing the Project Office and Team. It’s therefore safe to assume that the use of the ‘project office’ probably grew substantially, not only in the US Department of Defense (DoD), but also in other application areas. Matrix organisations In discussing systems theory and business, Kerzner said: “The creation of a management technique which is able to cut across the many organisational disciplines – such as finance, manufacturing, engineering, marketing, etc – while still carrying out the functions of management. This technique has come to be called systems management, project management or matrix management (the terms are used interchangeably).” The seventies saw progress in the development of project management as a distinctive discipline and unprecedented expansion in application areas. BY ALAN STRETTON, LFAIPM (LIFE FELLOW) PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE 1970S HISTORY 1972 A Cost Analysis Improvement Group was established, from which grew a consolidation of the important practices of design-to-cost and life-cycle costing.
April May 2011
Project Manager Aug Sep 2011